The Pacific Boils Over:
The Modoc Indian War and other Indian Wars
in the Pacific Northwest
29 September - 6 October 2017
Price per person £2,450.00 No Single supplement
Deposit per person £150.00
|The expansion of the United States to the Pacific Ocean and the discovery of gold invaded the last bastions of Native American life. The demands of the Anglo settlers, supported by detachments of United States soldiers repeated a narrative of accommodation that erupted into violence that profoundly affected the people involved. The model of pacification was to find the leaders of the tribes and convince or coerce them into signing treaties that penned the nomadic tribes into “Reservations.” Here the white man promised an early form of welfare—agreeing to provide provisions and other necessities including specie and credit. Not all Indians adapted and renegades made war on civilians and isolated troops often murdering everyone, including women and children.
Depart Heathrow for Portland Oregon (one change).
We start today at the the reconstructed Fort Vancouver. This anchor fort complicated matters for the British who owned the Oregon territory area. It later became the primary fort on the Columbia River as the territory organized. It has seen many luminaries in US history including US Grant and George C. Marshall. We then go to the remaining structures of Fort Dalles home of the 9th US Infantry and a supply depot for the Yakima War.
This morning we will open our day by visiting the Oregon Trail National Interpretative Center. We will then have to bite the bullet to stage ourselves for the next few days. A 4 ½ hour drive takes us to the Coos Bay area and the Historical Maritime Museum. In this region there were numerous engagements raids, massacres and retaliatory attacks in the 1850s.
We will find ourselves delighted by the scenery near the Pacific coast as we examine sites related to the Rogue River Indian War of the 1850s. Our first stop is a 19th century light house at Cape Blanco. We will then go to Fort Orford site of Battle Rock where 9 settlers with four guns held off 150 raiding Indians in 1851. We then head to Miner’s Fort and Geisel’s Monument where a small skirmish occurred in 1856.
Overnight Crescent City.
Today we will enjoy a natural treasure by driving through Smith Redwoods State Park. We continue to see sites related to the Rogue River Indian War. We start at the Applegate Trail Interpretive Center that examines the fuel (settlement) that brought this conflict on. We then move on to the Table Rock Treaty site before visiting the remaining and associated sites at Forts Leland and Lane and the Lupton massacre site.
Our travels have brought us into the area of the Modoc War of 1872-73 and today we will visit the major sites related to it. Starting with the Lost River Battlefield, we will move on to the two battles associated with Captain Jack’s Stronghold in the lava beds and will have narrative stops at the Thomas-Wright battlefield, and Hospital Rock. Of particular interest will be the site where General Canby was murdered—it earned Captain Jack and others a death sentence. We will end day by a visit to Gillem’s Camp and the Sorass Lake Battlefield.
Overnight Klamath Falls.
This morning we visit Fort Klamath. The museum is dedicated to the Modoc War where you will see the graves of four of the hanged Indian leaders including Captain Jack. From here we will travel to Crater Lake National Park, created from the geological changes following the demise of an active volcano this is one of America’s oldest National Parks. We will complete our tour by visiting the Oregon Territory Interpretative Museum.
Return flight to Heathrow (one change)
Arrive London Heathrow